THE NATURE OF THE STRATIFICATION OF THE MOLDOVAN AND ROMANIAN SOCIETIES IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS

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This event will take place on the 4th of October, 16.00-18.00, Council Room, Faculty of Sociology and Social Work (Schitu Măgureanu. nr.9), sector 5, Bucharest.

  • The 21st Century focuses on stratification and inequality studies, income distribution and wealth. The biggest gap in increasing inequality has occurred over the last decades. Social stratification processes are experiencing increasing global intensity. In recent years, income disparity has increased the prominence of visibility among rich and poor countries, as well as the persistence of forms of religious, racial, ethnic, gender-based segregation.
  • Social stratification refers to the differential access to resources, power, autonomy and status within social groups. Social stratification involves social inequality. Societies are being stratified on different dimensions. Sociological studies of inequality and stratification examine the distribution of wealth and power within and between societies, including developing stratification systems.
  • Sociological comparative studies identify similar and different sources of inequality, stratification and mobility within societies. Measuring their impact on individuals, families and communities and their persistence over time and between generations highlights certain features and trends, but also processes that can generate, maintain, and modify social inequality and stratification systems.
  • Economic growth changes social stratification. Recent analyzes show that the center of global economic gravity is shifting to the southeast. The middle class being projected to grow from 1.8 billion to 3.2 billion in 2020, to 4.9 billion by 2030. The middle class growth rate is approaching its peak. Already about 140 million are employed annually in the middle class. This number could increase to 170 million over the next five years, with most new entrants coming from the Asian region of the globe.
  • Applying crosscutting analysis, offers the opportunity to get closer to the stratification process and to identify the hierarchy of social inequality at global, regional, subregional, national and local levels. In the context of transversal analyzes of inequality, the profile of the Republic of Moldova continues to be associated with an area conducive to inequality and social insecurity.
  • Comparing the nature of the stratification of Moldovan and Romanian societies in the context of the various classification systems and international typologies, draws us closer to the understanding the place we occupy in a very layered world, the challenges of the 21st century, and development opportunities.

BIO: Tatiana Spataru, Ph.D., is a professor of Sociology, a senior scientific researcher at the Sociology Center, The Institute for Legal and Political Research in the Republic of Moldova (http://icjp.asm.md/centrul-sociologie) and holds university courses at several universities in Moldova, being also a visiting professor in Turkey and Romania. She is the author of 120 scientific articles, monographs and methodical lectures. The area of scientific interest includes comparative studies in social stratification and inequality.

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