The seminar will start with the description of the model presented by Francis Fukuyama in his books The Origins of Political Order and Political Order and Political Decay, which emphasizes the dimensions of development, especially the evolution of political institutions: the state (understood as provider of public goods), rule of law and democracy/ accountability. This model, with some adaptations, together with the data base developed by World Bank: Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), are used in order to describe the situation of Romania in regional and European context. After that, a few alternative scenarios regarding the consolidation of the political development are presented. The analysis will privilege the correlation between state (as public goods provider) and democracy/accountability with other dimensions of the Fukuyama model (economic growth, social mobilization and ideas/ legitimacy) and will focus on the manner in which key structural reforms can be institutionalized (as virtuous circles) in order to support sustainable and inclusive economic and social development.
Victor Giosan – BS and MS in macroeconomics – Planning and Economic Cybernetics (1986), Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest.
He has 20 years of experience as top manager in Romanian central and local public administration and as an international consultant. In Romanian public administration he was deputy mayor of Ramnicu Valcea Municipality and state secretary in General Secretariat of Romanian Government, where he coordinated the Public Policy Directorate, which designed and partially implemented the first system of policy design and strategic planning in Romanian central administration. From December 2015 he is state adviser of the Romanian Prime Minister on public administration reform.
As an international consultant he worked in projects implemented by DfID, USAID, EU Commission, UNDP/ UNICEF, World Bank in Romania, Albania, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan, Kosovo in different areas such as: intergovernmental fiscal system and fiscal decentralization, developing the local government institutional capacity, municipal service management, functional reviews of CoG and different sectoral ministries, strategic planning, strengthening the public investment management (long term local adviser of World Bank in Ministry of Public Finance in Romania), decentralization strategy, decentralization of social services – including minimum standards. He is author and co-author of over 15 studies and articles in his field of expertise.