From door to rhizome in understanding the meanings of borders in international migration with Mădălina Manea (University of Bucharest, Romania) 

Abstract
The presentation departs from the idea of borders as chains of points in space which both unite and separate pieces of land belonging to different national administrations, using Simmel’s description of doors and bridges as elements of social life. The digitalisation of borders requires however a different explanation given the particular nature of information in the social environment, and its ubiquity. The way in which this presentation suggests to look at EU borders and their digitalisation is based on Deleuze and Guattari’s rhizome metaphor. With the help of this analogy we try to account for the diversity of actors involved in securitisation/ desecuritisation of borders, known as migration industry, to which we add relations with material objects and information. The rhizome is also useful in dealing with a dissipation of border materiality, so that instead of crossing a border in one point only, one crosses a border in several steps, starting from the first action taken with this purpose, and the process is not necessarily a linear one. For instance, a rejected visa application can be redrafted, while the acceptance of the application does not guarantee the successful development of the process. 
 
Short BIO
Mădălina Manea is a PhD student at the University of Bucharest and a research assistant in the YMobility and TEMPER international projects, as a member of the Centre for Migration Studies (CeSMig). She has a BA in Political Science from Nottigham Trent University (UK) and an MA in Research in Sociology from the University of Bucharest. Her research interests include the integration of international migrants in destination countries, return migration, and the re-integration of returnees in the origin country/ region.
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